Academy expels Bill Cosby and Roman Polanski

Comedian Bill Cosby and director Roman Polanski have been expelled from the Academy of Motion Pictures, the body that awards the Oscars.

In a statement the film academy said its board of governors voted to do so.  It said members of the Academy were required to "uphold values of respect for human dignity".

Cosby was convicted of three charges of sexual assault last week.

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Polanski, who won a best director Oscar for 2002 film The Pianist, remains a fugitive after fleeing the United States in 1978 after pleading guilty to unlawful sex with a minor.

Polanski admitted having unlawful sex with a 13-year-oldCredit:

The Academy’s board of governors met on Tuesday night and voted on their status in accordance with their recently revised standards of conduct.

The organisation also expelled Harvey Weinstein from its ranks in October, following a string of sexual assault allegations against the producer, all of which he has denied.

It sparked an outpouring of allegations of abuses of power in Hollywood and brought about the #MeToo campaign, a women-led movement encouraging victims to speak out against harassment and assault.

Cosby's team has said he will appeal the convictionCredit:

In what is seen as the first big celebrity trial of the wake of the #MeToo movement, Cosby now faces a prison sentence of up to 10 years for each of the three counts for which he was found guilty. In addition, he faces a fine of $25,000 for each count.

Only one person is thought to have been previously expelled from the academy: Carmine Caridi, a character actor who had his membership revoked in 2004 for lending DVD screeners of films in contention for Oscars that ended up online.